Why a sore throat and what to do about it

Why a sore throat and what to do about it

An unpleasant scratching sensation that makes you want to cough, one of the variants of Sore Throat / NHS pain. They mean that something is wrong in the throat.

Fortunately, this is generally not too dangerous.

Where does a sore throat come from

Here are the most common Can You Get a Sore Throat From Sleeping With Your Window Open? / Cleveland Clinic reasons.

1. You breathe dry air

This happens especially often in winter, when the windows are closed in the premises and at the same time the batteries or heaters are turned on. In such conditions, air humidity drops rapidly.

The mucous membrane of the throat also loses moisture, and this process makes itself felt by slight irritation of the Sore throat / Mayo Clinic, a feeling as if the throat is sore.

The same effect occurs if you breathe dry air for any other reason, such as frosty or dry, hot winds.

2. Smoke or other irritating substances around you

Sore throat / Mayo Clinic can tickle and scratch in the throat from tobacco smoke, smog, car exhaust, dust, smell of chemicals, for example, bleach or some other caustic household product. Sometimes even the scent of someone else's perfume can irritate you if you are sensitive to its ingredients.

3. You breathe through your mouth

This is another way to quickly dry out the mucous membrane. Air entering through the mouth, without preliminary moisture in the nasal passages, accelerates the evaporation of moisture from the inner surface of the throat.

Usually, a person begins to breathe through the mouth for two reasons:

  • He was out of breath, for example, because he was walking or running too fast. In this case, we try to grab as much air as possible and swallow it with our mouth as well. If the air is dry at the same time (let's say you moved in the cold), the perspiration can be so strong that it will cause an attack of dry cough.
  • Stuffy nose. This happens with colds or allergies. However, these conditions can provoke a sore throat on their own.

4. You have caught a cold

Typically, SARS pathogens attack a person through the respiratory (respiratory) tract. And the body, in order to defend itself, increases the production of mucus, so a runny nose occurs.

If too much mucus is secreted, it begins to drain in the so-called postnasal route, along the back of the pharynx. This can irritate the throat and cause an unpleasant scratching sensation.

5. You are allergic

For example, seasonal, pollen. Or off-season, for dust, mold, pet dander.

In this case, the allergen substance, entering the respiratory tract, causes irritation, which manifests itself, including sore throat.

6. You have heartburn

Heartburn, a condition in which the contents of the stomach rise up the esophagus. This process is also called acid reflux (reflux, backward movement compared to normal). Sometimes it is so strong that stomach acid reaches the throat. And it irritates its walls, causing a tickling sensation.

7. You have a bacterial infection

Sinusitis, tonsillitis, laryngitis, and other inflammatory processes of the nasopharynx caused by bacteria (the same chlamydia) can also affect the condition of the throat. More often it hurts, but the violation can make itself felt and a feeling of dryness, perspiration.

What to do if there is a sore throat

Usually, you can get rid of the discomfort with simple methods. Here's What Can You Get a Sore Throat From Sleeping With Your Window Open Recommend? / Cleveland Clinic experts from Cleveland Clinic (USA):

  • Drink a glass of water, tea, compote. This will moisturize your throat and generally help keep you hydrated.
  • Turn on the humidifier. Either place a large, damp cloth on top of the radiator, or place an open can of water on the window. These are ways to bring the indoor climate back to normal.
  • Take a warm shower. This will also help moisturize the mucous membrane.
  • Don't breathe through your mouth.
  • If your nose is blocked, try to get rid of the problem as soon as possible. How, we wrote in detail here. In general terms, use a saline moisturizing nasal spray and vasoconstrictor drops if needed.
  • If you suspect a sore throat may be a reaction to smoke, polluted air, or allergenic substances, move to fresh air in a well-ventilated area free of irritation.

But if your throat has a sore throat for 2-3 weeks in a row, although you humidify the air, do not breathe smoke and are almost sure that you have neither colds, nor allergies, nor heartburn, or if the perspiration is accompanied by a high fever and sore throat, you should contact to the doctor. For starters, a therapist. He will ask you about your symptoms, lifestyle, look down your throat, conduct an examination. Perhaps he will give you a referral for tests. And according to the results of the examination, she will recommend how to get rid of the discomfort. Or he will send you for additional advice to a specialized specialist.